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Empowering Rural India: The Impact of the Jal Jeevan Mission

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Empowering Rural India: The Impact of the Jal Jeevan Mission

Jal Jeevan Mission Banner scaled

Introduction

The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is a transformative initiative launched by the Government of India in 2019. Its primary goal is to provide every rural household with a Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024, ensuring a reliable and sustainable source of clean drinking water. This mission emphasizes community involvement and the use of advanced technology to address water quality issues, promote health, and improve the overall quality of life in rural areas.

JJM impact

Objectives of the Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Universal Access to Drinking Water: The mission aims to provide FHTCs to every rural household, prioritizing areas with water quality issues and water scarcity.
  • Community Participation: Encouraging local communities to take part in planning and managing water supply systems fosters a sense of ownership and ensures the sustainability of the water supply infrastructure.
  • Technological Integration: Utilizing advanced technologies for water project planning, implementation, and monitoring helps maintain high standards of water quality and system efficiency.
  • Infrastructure Development: Building and upgrading water supply infrastructure, including treatment plants and distribution networks, ensures long-term water availability and quality.
JJM Banner scaled

Significance of the Jal Jeevan Mission

The Jal Jeevan Mission plays a critical role in:

  • Improving Public Health: By providing access to clean drinking water, the mission aims to reduce waterborne diseases and improve sanitation conditions.
  • Empowering Women and Children: Easier access to water allows women and children to focus on education and other productive activities, promoting gender equality and social development.
  • Fostering Economic Growth: Reliable water supply supports agricultural productivity and overall economic development in rural areas.
  • Promoting Environmental Sustainability: The mission emphasizes sustainable water management practices, which are crucial for conserving water resources and reducing environmental impact.

CIMCON’s Role in the Jal Jeevan Mission

CIMCON Software (India) Pvt. Ltd. has played a pivotal role in advancing the goals of the Jal Jeevan Mission, particularly in Uttar Pradesh, through its multifaceted contributions:

 

Advanced SCADA Systems Implementation:

CIMCON has been instrumental in deploying state-of-the-art SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems. These systems provide real-time monitoring and control capabilities for water supply networks. By leveraging SCADA hardware and software, CIMCON has enabled efficient management of water distribution, helping to ensure reliable and uninterrupted supply to communities.

 

Sustainable Energy Solutions:

As part of its commitment to sustainability, CIMCON has integrated solar energy solutions across various project sites. This initiative not only promotes the use of renewable energy but also reduces dependency on traditional power sources, thereby contributing to a greener environment and lowering the carbon footprint associated with water supply operations.

 

Local Expertise and Ongoing Support:

CIMCON has established a robust presence across eight districts in Uttar Pradesh, deploying local teams equipped with specialized knowledge and skills. These teams have been pivotal in setting up essential infrastructure for water supply projects. Additionally, CIMCON provides continuous maintenance and support services. This proactive approach ensures the reliability and operational efficiency of water supply systems, benefiting approximately 4 million people in the region.

Happy woman with water tap

CIMCON Software (India) Pvt. Ltd. has played a pivotal role in advancing the success of the Jal Jeevan Mission, making a profound impact on millions of lives through their innovative approach and advanced technology solutions.

Implementing Advanced SCADA Systems

CIMCON spearheaded the deployment of state-of-the-art SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems across various locations in Uttar Pradesh. These systems are equipped with sophisticated flow, level monitoring, and water quality instruments. This technological backbone ensures real-time monitoring and audit capabilities, guaranteeing the quality and reliability of water supply networks.

Harnessing Solar Power for Sustainability

A standout feature of CIMCON’s implementation has been the integration of solar-powered grids at each project site. These grids not only power the SCADA systems and associated instrumentation but also exemplify CIMCON’s commitment to sustainable practices. By reducing reliance on conventional energy sources, CIMCON not only lowers operational costs but also minimizes the environmental impact of water supply operations.

Seamless Integration and Automated Operations

Central to CIMCON’s strategy is the seamless integration of SCADA software and GPRS communication, linking all systems to central servers. This setup enables remote monitoring and control, facilitating automatic, unmanned operations through intelligent control logic. Such automation optimizes the management of water distribution, ensuring continuous and efficient service delivery to communities across Uttar Pradesh.

Ensuring Reliable Water Supply for Millions

With their presence spanning eight districts in Uttar Pradesh, CIMCON has not only established critical infrastructure but also provided ongoing maintenance and support. This local expertise is pivotal in ensuring the reliability and operational efficiency of water supply systems, benefiting approximately 4 million people in the region.

Commitment to Impact and Sustainability

Through their contributions to the Jal Jeevan Mission, CIMCON Software exemplifies how innovative technology can transform essential services like water supply. By combining advanced SCADA systems, solar energy solutions, and robust infrastructure support, CIMCON continues to play a crucial role in advancing India’s vision for universal access to clean water.

Conclusion

The Jal Jeevan Mission stands as a testament to India’s commitment to improving the quality of life for its rural population through access to clean drinking water. With the dedicated efforts of organizations like CIMCON, this mission is making significant strides in transforming water accessibility and management in rural India. By leveraging advanced technology and fostering community involvement, the Jal Jeevan Mission is paving the way for a healthier, more sustainable future for millions of Indians. CIMCON’s extensive experience and innovative solutions have been crucial in successfully implementing and maintaining these critical systems, ensuring the mission’s success and contributing to the improved water supply infrastructure across the nation.

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Smart Wastewater Solutions: Tackling India’s Water Scarcity with IoT, AI, and Digital Transformation

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Smart Wastewater Solutions: Tackling India’s Water Scarcity with IoT, AI, and Digital Transformation

smart wastewater img

In today’s water industry, the energy and enthusiasm are palpable, with industry veterans and domain experts providing solutions on an unprecedented scale. The key challenge is to maintain execution quality because water is a critical utility that demands round-the-clock attention.

India’s water industry is on an exponential growth path, with vast opportunities in untapped areas to manage this dwindling resource for its vast population. As 4G/5G networks continue to expand across the country, alongside improved accessibility through the development of road networks, the implementation of IoT and SCADA solutions becomes more feasible. Government policies are aligning with the need to meet the water requirements of this immense population.

One significant development is the execution of large-scale turnkey projects, both greenfield and brownfield, across India’s water sector. The government is pursuing a two-pronged strategy: refurbishing old infrastructure and establishing new Water Treatment Plants (WTPs) and Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) in areas previously lacking access to piped water, such as the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM). A positive trend is the widespread adoption of technology, including IoT, Remote Monitoring Systems (RMS), and SCADA, to manage these extensive and remote utilities.

 

Our company has been a leader in SCADA and IoT solutions for the last 35 years. With extensive experience in water management, we’ve harnessed our knowledge to develop customized solutions and logic for remote asset management. Our hardware and software aim to enhance efficiency by preventing pumps from operating under abnormal conditions and averting water reservoir overflow. This is accomplished through smart logic and combinations of our level sensors and RTUs. We’ve also implemented vibration sensor-based anomaly detection and fault management for pump motors using machine learning and artificial intelligence. This provides clients with periodic updates on health and potential faults, ensuring preventive maintenance, reducing downtime, and improving efficiency. By preventing water wastage and enabling pumps to run at optimal levels through IoT and SCADA monitoring and control, we contribute to averting water scarcity and promoting sustainable water management.

The key technologies transforming the water industry and enhancing efficiency and sustainability are as follows:

  1. IoT and SCADA technology for remote monitoring and control of assets.
  2. Using AI and ML to improve pump efficiency, prevent breakdowns, and ensure continuous operation.
  3. Preventing pump motors from running in abnormal electrical conditions through protection relays and smart logic.
  4. Avoiding water wastage through overflow by using flowmeters, level sensors, and smart logic to shut down pumps based on water level and flow.
  5. Utilizing various instruments and methods, including membrane and check valves in STPs and WTPs to ensure healthy water for drinking and irrigation purposes.

Ensuring water quality is vital, and this is achieved through smart logic and sensors such as depth sensors, turbidity/chlorine sensors, and chlorine dosing pumps, providing clean and healthy water to end consumers.

To meet the water needs of India’s vast population, all potential sources of water, including groundwater and surface water, need to be tapped. Groundwater availability is decreasing as the population grows, necessitating the development of more surface water schemes. These schemes involve lifting and pumping water from natural sources like rivers, lakes, and ponds to large available land areas. The water is then treated at WTPs and used for drinking or irrigation.

CIMCON Software India Pvt. Ltd has been at the forefront of implementing SCADA and IoT technology in these schemes to manage the plants automatically with remote monitoring. We have completed numerous installations across India, managing nearly 540 million liters per day of treated water, serving a population of approximately 12 million people.

Here are some of the cities we’ve served:

  • Chandigarh WTP – Sector 39, Chandigarh
  • Chandigarh WTP – Sector 5, Chandigarh
  • Ambala WTP – Unit-1, Ambala, Haryana
  • Ambala WTP – Unit-2, Ambala, Haryana
  • Pundri STP, Pundri, Haryana
  • Setafat WTP, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Kalarnalla WTP, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Old Manali WTP, Manali, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Palampur WTP, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Nagrota WTP, Nagrota, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Dharamshala WTP, Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Sarkaghat WTP, Sarkaghat, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Chauntra WTP, Chauntra, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Thunag WTP, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  • Air Force Chiloda WTP, Gandhinagar, Gujarat
  • Firozabad WTP, Firozabad, Uttar Pradesh (UP)
  • Peterson -1 WTP, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (UP)
  • Peterson -2 WTP, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (UP)
  • Balaganj WTP, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (UP)
  • Water Works -3, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (UP)
  • Dhauri Sagar Scheme, JJM, Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh (UP)

A typical Water Treatment Plant comprises the following parts and steps. To fully manage the plant, all stages need to be automated with Remote Terminal Units (RTU), sensors, and linked with SCADA software to enable seamless automatic operation with remote monitoring.

  1. Raw Water
    Details of Installations: Automation panel with RTU, ULT, 3 Phase actuators, and Flow meter.
  • Raw Water from PST is collected in the Raw water sump.
  • The system contains 3 pumps, 4 actuators, 3 pressure transmitters, and 2 level transmitters.
  • Out of the three pumps, one is working while the others remain on standby.
  • The measured Level in meters is compared with a predefined configured set value.
  • During a predefined configured set time period for distribution, if the measured Level is within the limit set by the predefined configured value, the RTU will automatically command the automation panel to open the correlated actuated outlet valve and switch ‘On’ the correlated Motor pump.
  • After the predefined configured set time period or if the measured Level falls below the limit, the RTU will command the automation panel to close the correlated actuated outlet valve and switch ‘Off’ the correlated Motor pump.
  • All pumps and actuated valves can also be controlled from the web-based SCADA.
  • Line Pressure and Energy consumption are continuously monitored in real time using Pressure Transmitters and Energy Meters, respectively.
  • The flow meter at the outlet of the pump house measures instantaneous flow in M3/Hour and cumulative flow in terms of M3.

Details of Parameters Monitored on Real-time Basis: Actuated valves status (Open/Close), Pump Status (On/Off), Pump Run Hours, Level (M), Line Pressure, and Electrical Energy parameters.

Outcome: Real-time monitoring and control lead to more efficient pumping processes and extended machinery lifespan due to optimized operation.

 

  1. Flash Mixture WTP

Details of Installations: Automation panel, flow meter, pH, turbidity, chlorine, and 3-phase actuators.

  • During a predefined configured set time period for distribution, the RTU will automatically command the automation panel to open the correlated actuated outlet valve and switch ‘On’ the correlated Flash Mixer.
  • After the predefined configured set time period, the RTU will command the automation panel to close the correlated actuated outlet valve and switch ‘Off’ the correlated Flash Mixer.
  • All Flash Mixers and actuated valves can also be controlled from the web-based SCADA.
  • pH, Turbidity, and Chlorine are continuously measured in real-time using appropriate transmitters.
  • The flow meter measures instantaneous flow in M3/Hour and cumulative flow in terms of M3.

Details of Parameters Monitored on Real-time Basis: Actuated inlet valve status (Open/Close), Flow (M3/Hour), Cumulative flow (MLD), Status & Run Hour of Flash Mixture, Flash Mixture (On/Off), pH, Turbidity (NTU), and Chlorine (ppm).

  1. Clariflocculator

Details of Installations: Automation panel with RTU.

  • During a predefined configured set period for distribution, the RTU will command the automation panel to switch ‘On’ the flocculator.
  • After the predefined configured set period or if the measured Level falls below the limit, the RTU will command the panel to switch ‘Off’ the correlated flocculation.
  • All flocculators can also be controlled from the web-based SCADA.
  • Energy parameters are continuously measured and monitored using Energy Meters.

Details of Parameters Monitored on Real-time Basis: Run Hour of flocculator, flocculator (On/Off), Energy Parameter.

  1. Filter Bed (total 12)/ Depends on the capacity of the plant

Details of Installations: Automation panel with RTU.

  • After flocculation, water is fed to twelve filter beds.
  • The level of respective filter beds is continuously monitored using ULT.
  • The monitored Level is compared with a predefined configured set value.
  • If the Level is within the limit, the RTU allows the actuated inlet valve and actuated supply valve to remain open, continuing normal filtration operation.
  • If the measured Level exceeds the predefined configured set value, the RTU initiates the Backwash Process.

Backwash Process Sequence:

  • Inlet valve and supply valve are kept open until head loss indication interrupts the process.
  • Head loss is measured with the help of a level switch.
  • Backwash is initiated, and inlet and supply valves are closed.
  • Drain valve and air valve are opened, and the blower is started for a configured duration (e.g., 3-5 minutes).
  • Air valves are closed automatically after the configured duration.
  • Backwash valve is opened to feed clear water from the Backwash tank to the filter bed for a configured duration.
  • The drain valve is closed, and inlet and supply valves are opened.
  • Normal filter bed operation continues 24/7.

Blower System:

  • Two blowers, one working and one on standby, are used for purging air to filter beds during backwash.
  • Air pressure generated by blowers is monitored using pressure transmitters.
  • Blowers are automatically turned on if a status signal is received from the RTU, and the air control valve is opened.
  • Blowers operate sequentially.
  • Blowers are automatically switched off if no status signal is received from the beds.
  • Run hours of the blowers are maintained.
  1. Backwash Pump

Details of Installations: Automation panel with RTU, Flow meter, Pressure transmitters, and Ultrasonic level transmitter.

  • The system contains 3 pumps, 3 actuators, 1 Ultrasonic Level Transmitter, 1 flow meter, and 1 pressure transmitter.
  • At a time, only 1 pump can run, selected by the RTU based on the last run pump.
  • Ultrasonic Level Transmitter senses the tank level.
  • Line Pressure and Energy consumption are continuously monitored in real-time using Pressure Transmitters and Energy Meters.
  • The flow meter at the outlet of the pump house measures instantaneous flow in M3/Hour and cumulative flow in terms of M.
  1. Clear Water Pump House

Details of Installations: Automation panel with RTU, ULT, 3 Phase actuators, Flow meter, pH meter, and chlorine meter.

  • Clear Water from filter beds is collected in the Clear water sump.
  • The system contains 3 pumps, 4 actuators, 3 pressure transmitters, 1 level transmitter, 1 Flow Meter, 1 pH meter, 3 Energy meters, and 1 chlorine meter.
  • Out of the three pumps, one is working while the others remain on standby.
  • The measured Level is compared with a predefined configured set value.
  • During a predefined configured set time period for distribution, if the measured Level is within the limit, the RTU commands the automation panel to open the correlated actuated outlet valve and switch ‘On’ the correlated Motor pump.
  • After the predefined configured set time period or if the measured Level is below the limit, the RTU commands the automation panel to close the correlated actuated outlet valve and switch ‘Off’ the correlated Motor pump.
  • All pumps, the line Pressure, and Energy consumption are continuously monitored in real-time.
  • The flow meter at the outlet of the pump house measures instantaneous flow in M3/Hour and cumulative flow in terms of M3.
  • pH and chlorine are continuously measured in real-time using appropriate transmitters.

In Conclusion:

The implementation of digitalization and data-driven technologies like SCADA/IOT is crucial for efficient water treatment plant operation and management. These technologies provide real-time data on site conditions and parameters, water supply, quality, and equipment performance. This data is essential for justifying investments, ensuring sustainable water supply, and improving the health and lives of the people in India.