With cross country pipelines, normal modes of communications such as wired, PSTN networks are not available. Thus, nothing other than wireless cellular, satellite-based communication is possible.
Many locations don’t have auxiliary power required to feed the system. Due to unavailability of sunlight, solar-based operations are not possible. A hybrid solution of battery backup and solar panels is therefore employed.
Use of flow computers from diverse manufacturers do not support same communication protocol and memory map. The system therefore needs to be able to support various protocols.